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SWATARA WATERSHED ASSOCIATION

Lebanon, PA USA

Reduce Your Carbon Footprint

 

 

 Appendix G : Management Options

Click below to view the section you would like to read, or scroll down to read all of Appendix G

A.  Project Area Characteristics
B.  Land Resources
C.  Water Resources
D.  Biological Resources
E.  Cultural Resources
F.  Swatara State Park
G.  Swatara Creek Greenway

Management Option

Specific Projects

Potential Funding Sources

A. Project Area Characteristics

 

Utilize the Rivers Conservation Plan as a tool in protecting, managing, and preserving the Swatara Creek watershed.

Work with local, county, and regional planning organizations to develop and carry out plans for the protection of environmental amenities in the watershed.

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Revise weed laws to allow for riparian buffers

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Regional GIS Projects

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Contour layer for watershed GIS

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Snitz Creek rehabilitation in Cornwall Borough

Complete a comprehensive examination of traffic problems in the watershed and develop a strategy to address them, utilizing alternative forms of transportation (mass transit, car-pooling, bike lanes) when possible.

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Lebanon Bridge Project

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Annville 422/934 Intersection

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Route 422, 72, and I - 81Corridors

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Coordinate County 10 year transportation plans

Work with MPO's to update comprehensive plans for the municipalities of the watershed that are over 10 years old. Complete multi- municipal/ multi-county plans where prudent and feasible.

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TDR's

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Regional Comprehensive Plans

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DCED - Growing Smarter, CDBG, SPAG, County and local governments

Support implementation of land conservation techniques in subdivision design.

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Hold a workshop in the watershed to present these

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techniques to interested municipalities and developers

Assess how increasing population is impacting the watershed. Explore establishing growth areas and rural areas within the municipalities of the watershed.

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Protection of prime farmland during subdivision review

Update Act 537 sewage management plans that are over 10 years old. Replace on-lot septic systems in the established growth areas. Assist in upgrading older on lot systems in established rural areas.

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Growing Smarter promotions

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DCED, PENNVEST

Actively enforce land uses controls along waterways. Especially keeping development out of floodplains. Develop strategies to protect riparian zones.

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Have a full time waterways patrolman in the watershed

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Chapter 105 permit review funding increase

Partner with local universities to develop programs for student education and protection and enhancement of the watershed. Identify other volunteer and non-profit groups to coordinate activities and projects with to avoid duplication of effort.

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Floating Lab (classroom) in the watershed/region

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Intern(s) for the SCWA

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Expanded water monitoring program in the watershed

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Develop a storing house for watershed monitoring information

B.  Land Resources

 

 

Expand upon the partnership with Ft. Indiantown Gap (FIG) for environmental resource and endangered species protection.

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Complete MOU with FIG

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Trout Unlimited project on Manada Creek

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Fritillary Butterfly habitat protection

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Chesapeake Bay Foundation FIG Project

Continue/expand watershed wide cleanup days.

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Local sponsoring organizations

Identify “Brownfield” areas within the watershed for possible assessment, cleanup, and redevelopment. Identify other potential hazard areas within the watershed.

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Identify areas for urban forests/woodlands

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Inventory "Brownfields" in urban areas

Develop an educational program for demonstrating and promoting riparian buffers, especially for use in FFA, 4H, scout groups, and secondary schools.

Support pollution control legislation.

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Bottle Bill

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Develop a "Tire Bill" for reducing tire trash

Support expanded recycling programs within the watershed as an alternative to landfill development.

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Develop a tire recycling program

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DEP recycling initiatives

Encourage local farmers and landowners to enroll their property in agricultural security areas, set aside programs and conservation easements.

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Develop county and regional conservancies

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USDA Farmland preservation funds, Conservation Reserve Programs, County governments

C. Water Resources

 

Implement the remaining projects for reclaiming AMD impacted streams in the upper Swatara Creek watershed developed by Dan Koury in the Swatara Creek Reclamation Document.

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Enhancements to the treatment wetlands in Ravine

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Additional treatment wetlands on Lorberry Creek, and Good Spring Creek for iron removal

Utilize the 1998 - Swatara Creek Watershed Rehabilitation Plan by Dan Koury as a model to develop rehabilitation plans for agricultural and urban runoff problems in each of the major drainages in the watershed.

Develop a comprehensive plan to protect and monitor water quality and the results of improvements to streams in the major drainages of the watershed. Tailor the monitoring programs to sources of potential degradation in each drainage. Utilize this information to develop a database of information for the entire watershed.

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Implement the source water protection partnership program

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Develop and implement monitoring program identified by Derry Twp.

Develop and implement streambank stabilization and habitat enhancement projects for the streams in the watershed.

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Bachman Run and Quittapahilla and Killinger Creek projects

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Wengert Feeds farm project

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Upper little Swatara streambank fencing above Sweet Arrow Lake

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Rhein Farm on Upper Little Swatara

Develop a comprehensive in stream management plan for the Quittapahilla Creek watershed.

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Do in stream assessments

Develop a watershed wide conservation and education plan for the conservation of water. Coordinate drought task forces.

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Make water conservation ideas video and ads

Develop an agreement for habitat and water quality improvement in Manada Creek with Ft. Indiantown Gap.

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Complete MOU with FIG

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Complete tank training trail agreement

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Develop a habitat improvement plan in conjunction with Doc Fritchy Chapter of TU

Develop a watershed organization for protection and enhancement of the Little Swatara Creek.

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Formation process on going

Develop storm water management plans for developed areas in the major drainages of the watershed. Identify new technologies for enhancing infiltration and groundwater recharge, especially in areas of urban development.

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Municipality or sub-basin focused efforts

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Address Palmyra Borough flooding

Make the stream corridor more user friendly.

 

Develop a plan of action to preserve and rehabilitate the infrastructure of the publicly owned lakes in the watershed, especially Sweet Arrow Lake and Stoevers Dam.

Develop areas for handicap access to Swatara Creek or other tributaries in the watershed.

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Sweet Arrow Lake Handicapped access

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Handicapped fishing areas at Swatara co-operative nursery

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Handicapped access to Quittapahilla Creek on Carmuse property

Continue work to restore the fishery on the northern section of the watershed. Expand these efforts to assist with reestablishing the migratory fish population in the watershed and development of a stream habitat enhancement plan for other stream sections in the watershed.

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Expand Swatara cooperative nursery

Support the development of the shad and other native species populations in the watershed.

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Develop initial parameters for reintroducing shad to the watershed

Develop an educational program for elementary and secondary schools on water quality and the responsible use of the watershed.

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Develop an educational wetland at the Career and Technology center

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Implement Northern Lebanon High School's "Watersheds" education program

Inventory existing riparian buffers in the watershed. Identify areas that need to have riparian buffers established.

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Do updated aerial video and photography to set current baseline and identify changes from previous flight

Inventory NPS pollution problems in the major drainages of the watershed, develop a hierarchy and implementation plan for addressing these problem areas.

Promote the development of conservation landscaping and management practices to reduce sediment load.

Expand sewage capacity in the areas with the highest projected growth rates.

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Update and implement Act 537 plans

Work to ensure that development does not occur in floodplain areas.

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Analyze and follow up on repetitive loss data

Investigate possible uses for by-products of mining operations in the watershed.

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Mine drainage element removal

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Culm pile material reuse

Support completion of a study to determine if a reservoir in Swatara State Park is a preferred option for a supplementary water supply for Lebanon County and flow augmentation for the Susquehanna River.

D. Biological Resources

 

Preserve ecological and visual amenities in the watershed. Utilize both voluntary protection and market purchase for preservation.

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Protect important birding areas within the watershed

Develop funding sources and a regional land trust organization to facilitate these actions.

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Development of the Lebanon Valley Conservancy

Identify areas of significant invasive species populations. Develop an integrative management plan to control these species.

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Develop a purple loostrife control plan

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Educate the public to the dangers and modes of transport of the zebra mussel

Identify riparian buffers in major drainages of the watershed. Identify areas for further riparian buffers creation.

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Complete aerial video or use FSA photography

If appropriate, complete Natural Heritage Inventories for Lebanon and Schuylkill Counties.

Inventory wetlands in the stream corridors and create projects for protection and possible enhancement.

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Create the educational wetland at the Career and Technology Center

If appropriate, establish a local chapter of PA Cleanways.

E. Cultural Resources

 

Develop educational programs on the environment in the watershed and especially Swatara State Park.

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Create the educational wetland at the Career and Technology Center

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Northern Lebanon High School "watersheds" environmental education program

Develop better access to Swatara Creek and its tributaries for recreational use.

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Signing of Swatara Water trail

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Obtain access points through out the watershed

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Develop park and Access point on 29 acre property owned by Derry Twp.

Develop rail trails from Swatara State Park Railroad Corridor to Lebanon and the Conewago Trail and in the Union Canal corridor from the Tulpehocken watershed boundary to Hershey and Middletown.

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Complete feasibility study for converting the abandoned railroad from Union Canal Park to Lickdale

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Develop this section of trail if feasible

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Educate the public about the Swatara State Park portion of the trail system

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Build support to develop the missing link of the trail

Expand upon the recently developed Swatara Creek Water Trail.

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Water Trail signage

Increase recreational opportunities within the watershed, including park, recreational fields, stream accesses, etc.

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Union Canal Park expansion at the Sunny May Farm

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Improvements to Colemans Park, Cleona Park, etc

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Improvements to The Sweet Arrow Lake Recreation Area and Stoevers Dam, Camp Central Improvements

Increase passive recreational opportunities in the watershed.

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Rail Trails

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Heritage/recreational areas

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Important bird areas

Complete proposed enhancements to Quittie Creek Nature Park.

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Quittie Creek Greenway

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Footbridge over Quittie Creek

Develop a plan for the preservation of historic resources in the watershed.

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Promote Big Trees program as a preservation effort

Develop a watershed wide parks and recreation plan for the watershed. Include a handicapped accessibility section in this document.

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Develop Lebanon County Parks and Recreation Board

F.  Swatara State Park

 

Stay involved with the Swatara State Park Project.

Maximize the recreational potential of the state park.

Support any development of the state park to increase tourism as an economic presence in the region.

G. Swatara Creek Greenway

 

 

Implement management options developed in the greenways plan.

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Described in Swatara Greenway plan

Develop a trail and greenway master plan for the entire watershed.

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Conduct a feasibility study to develop scope for this project.

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Connect Derry Twp bike/pedestrian trail system with greenway

Create an overlay zone for stream buffers in the watershed.

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DCED

Increase partnerships with public and private entities to foster land stewardship.

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Establish and promote key conservancy groups

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Local conservancies, conservation districts

Expand greenway initiatives into Lebanon, Berks, and Schuylkill Counties.

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Quittie Creek Greenway & promote concept of Heritage Greenway along Union Canal route

 

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